Rebound effect: See somogyi effect.
Regular insulin: A type of insulin that is rapid-acting.
Renal: Relating to the kidneys.
Retina: The center part of the back lining of the eye that senses light. It has many small blood vessels that are sometimes harmed when a person has had diabetes for a long time.
Retinopathy: A disease of the small blood vessels in the retina of the eye.
Risk factor: Anything that increases the chance of a person developing a disease or condition.
A DIABETIC woman from Northampton has been presented with a medal to mark 70 years of coping with the condition.
When Grace Jarnell was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes while aged 12 in 1942, treatment was so basic she had to heat her own samples at home over a Bunsen burner to see if she needed insulin.
Now, more than 100,000 injections later, she has defied the worst fears of doctors and been awarded a medal in recognition of seven decades of coping with the condition.
Scientists in the United States say shift workers getting too little sleep at the wrong time of the day could be increasing their risk of diabetes.
They have found that changes to normal sleep means the body is unable to control sugar levels.